Articulation disorder is a broad umbrella term that is generally used to describe a person’s inability to correctly produce speech sounds. This maybe developmental in nature, due to structural issues or motor difficulty.
Types of Articulation Problems
- Apraxia: Childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) is a motor speech disorder. Children with CAS have problems saying sounds, syllables, and words. This is not because of muscle weakness or paralysis. The brain has problems planning to move the body parts (e.g., lips, jaw, tongue) needed for speech. Directly taken from asha.org. At ITS we believe in building bridges in communication, especially for a child struggling with motor speech disorder.
- Phonological Processing Disorder: Children who have phonological processing disorders have not learned the rules for how sounds fit together to make words, and use certain processes to simplify words. Often, their parents are the only ones who can understand them, and even they have difficulties. These articulation problems can start at a very young age and may get worse if not addressed.
- Specific Sound Errors: error due to tongue thrust, /r/ distortions, /s/
How to know if my child needs speech/articulation therapy?
A child’s ability to produce sounds occurs in developmental stages. Typically by age 3 children should be understood by unfamiliar listeners 75% of the time and by age 4 they should be understood 90% of the time by unfamiliar listeners.